Cookies are small text files sent to the user’s terminal equipment (usually to the user’s browser) by visited websites; they are stored in the user’s terminal equipment to be re-transmitted during the user’s subsequent visits at the same websites. When navigating a website, a user may receive cookies from other websites or web servers, which are the so-called “third party” cookies. This happens because the visited website may contain items such as images, maps, sound files, links to individual web pages on different domains that are located in different servers from the one where the page being visited is stored.
User’s browser may contain a huge number of cookies, that could be persist for a long time. They are used for several purposes ranging from IT authentication to the monitoring of browsing sessions, up to the storage of specific information on user’s configurations in accessing a given server, and so on.
Cookies may be distinguished into two major groups: “technical” cookies and “profiling” cookies.
Technical cookies are used exclusively with a view to “carrying out the transmission of a communication on an electronic communications network, or insofar as this is strictly necessary to the provider of an information society service that has been explicitly requested by the contracting party or user to provide the said service.” (see Section 122(1) of the Code).
They are not used for further purposes and are usually installed directly by the data controller or the website manager. They can be grouped into browsing or session cookies, which allow users to navigate and use a website (e.g. to purchase items online or authenticate themselves to access certain sections); analytics cookies, which can be equated to technical cookies insofar as they are used directly by the website manager to collect aggregate information on the number of visitors and the pattern of visits to the website; functional cookies, which allow users to navigate as a function of certain pre-determined criteria, such as language or products to be purchased, to improve the quality of the service.
Users’ prior consent is not necessary to install these cookies, whilst information under Section 13 of the Code has to be provided in the manner considered to be most appropriate by the website manager – if only such cookies are relied upon.
Profiling cookies are aimed at creating user profiles. They are used to send ads messages in accordance with the preferences shown by the user during navigation. In the light of the highly invasive nature of these cookies vis-à-vis users’ private sphere, Italian and European legislation requires users to be informed appropriately on their use so as to give their valid consent.
These cookies are referred to in Article 122(1) of the Code where it is provided that “Storing information, or accessing information that is already stored, in the terminal equipment of a contracting party or user shall only be permitted on condition that the contracting party or user has given his consent after being informed in accordance with the simplified arrangements mentioned in section 13(3)”.
THIRD PARTY COOKIES
It is possible to share this information with other parties, such as advertisers, who may use their own cookies to collect information on the activities performed by users on the website. Advertisers may use this information to measure the effectiveness of their advertising campaigns. The use of such cookies requires prior acquisition of the user’s informed consent. These cookies are not controlled directly by the current site. To revoke such consent is necessary to refer to third-party websites or refer to the following sites:
HOW TO DISABLE COOKIES FROM YOUR BROWSER
You can manage cookies through your browser settings. At any time you can accept or reject cookies, and even decide to set a warning before accepting a cookie from the visited websites. Procedures for managing cookies differ depending on your browser; accessing the guide section of your browser you can learn how to manage your settings. Please note that changing the settings will have effect only on the browser and PC you are using. In order to align the behaviour to other devices you must repeat the operation on each browser. Please also note that disabling some cookies this web site will not be able to provide profiled services.
MORE INFORMATION ABOUT COOKIES
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This site is not responsible for cookies set, or not, by other web sites.